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  • What is EMDR?
    EMDR stands for Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing- it is an approach to therapy that was introduced by the Late Francine Shapiro in 1987 that has continued to evolve these last few decades. EMDR is traditionally a therapy that is used for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD. Traditionally it was used with eye movements following the therapist’s fingers as Bilateral Stimulation (BLS) while a client was accessing a traumatic memory. The BLS has been thought to help information be processed in the brain. EMDR can help to reduce the overwhelming feelings associated with traumatic events, while grounding you in the safety of the present, and helps you to connect to new, adaptive information to help make sense of the event and develop a future belief about yourself. You may have seen TV episodes utilizing EMDR or watched a clip or read about a celebrity on social media who swears by its healing properties that has sparked your curiosity about this unique therapy approach. For more information, you may look at EMDRIA’s website; and if you would like to speak to me about working with me in therapy using EMDR, please hit the contact button and reach out.
  • Is online EMDR effective?
    Virtual EMDR is done online and there have been some studies demonstrating the effectiveness of online therapy including Virtual EMDR delivered remotely. You can find more information here: Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing). Online EMDR is used with video conferencing platforms. While the traditional form of EMDR therapy involves the therapist guiding the patient's eye movements, online EMDR therapy can use other forms of bilateral stimulation, such as hand tapping the self, following objects across the screen with your eyes or listening to audio tones ; there are even web applications that can be used for eye movements, tactile buzzers and audio tones. It is important to ensure that your therapist is licensed and experienced in providing EMDR therapy online, your internet connection is stable, and that you have a secure and private environment for your sessions. As with any form of therapy, the effectiveness of EMDR therapy online may vary depending on individual circumstances and the severity of the issue being addressed. Virtual EMDR is done online and there have been some studies demonstrating the effectiveness of online therapy including Virtual EMDR delivered remotely. You can find more information here:
  • Who is online EMDR for?
    Online EMDR therapy is convenient and accessible option for individuals who are unable to attend in-person sessions or prefer the privacy and comfort of their own home. Online EMDR Teletherapy is delivered remotely including virtual EMDR allows a client to cast a wider net in search of therapists who specialize and can offer EMDR outside their immediate vicinity, or if there are no in office EMDR therapists close to where they live. Online EMDR therapy also allows for flexibility in scheduling and can be more cost-effective. However, it is important to note that online EMDR therapy may not be suitable for everyone and it is important to consult with a licensed therapist to determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.
  • Is EMDR used for conditions other than PTSD?
    EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a type of therapy that has been widely used to treat PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) and other trauma-related disorders. However, EMDR is used in treating a range of other mental health conditions. These include: Anxiety disorders (e.g. generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder) - Depression - Phobias (e.g. fear of flying, fear of spiders) - Addiction (e.g. substance abuse, gambling addiction) - Eating disorders (e.g. binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa) - Chronic pain - Performance anxiety (e.g. stage fright, test anxiety) EMDR works by helping individuals process and integrate distressing memories and emotions that are associated with past traumatic events. It also can be used with preparation and visual imagery of future anticipated events.
  • How does the therapy process for Online EMDR work?
    Therapy sessions consist of 45 to 90 minutes, one-on-one sessions that help you work through your concerns. In addition to listening, I will ask questions and check in to see what you're experiencing, I play an active role, but I believe that you have the resources within you that will help to get better. Here’s how the process can unfold : ​ First, I provide a safe, accepting space so that you will feel comfortable sharing your concerns with me at your own pace and to whatever depth you are comfortable with. Through hearing your story, I will start to get a picture of what your challenges are. We will establish what goals you would like to see happen with therapy. We will start with helping you with immediate concerns like managing difficult emotions and challenging life situations by learning relaxation skills and breathing exercises over a period of sessions. If parts work is appropriate, we will facilitate inner dialogue to explore and manage inner conflict. We will assess your readiness for virtual EMDR and establish a history and plan to target past and present difficulties that are showing up in your life, while providing education about the process of using virtual remote EMDR. If we’re ready to use EMDR to process, we will process old memories and feelings at a pace you are comfortable with. We will use techniques to envision how you would like to see yourself handling future events and stressors to cope with unease and uncertainty. We will continue to assess your goals and how you feel about where you are at in your therapy.
  • Do you provide court letters, custody evaluations, off-work letters or Emotional Support Animal letters?
    If you require a work letter for disability, I recommend consulting with a medical doctor or psychiatrist who can provide a more comprehensive evaluation and assessment of your condition. They can offer a more detailed diagnosis and provide the appropriate documentation necessary for work letters and disability claims. If you have any questions or concerns regarding our services, please feel free to contact us. We are here to support you in your journey towards mental and emotional wellness. I do not write court letters, ESA letters or participate in custody evaluations. There are many therapists who have experience and specialize in those evaluations who can.
  • Do you take insurance?
    I am in network with some insurance. You may inquire about using benefits during our initial consultation.
  • Should I Use My Insurance for Mental Health Benefits?
    Using insurance can make therapy more affordable and accessible for some. It can make financial sense for a lot of people. When you use your insurance for therapy, the insurance company will usually request information about your therapy progress and you will be asked to sign a release form that allows insurance companies access to information in your therapy record. Even if you are using an out of network provider, they may request access to your treatment information if you submit a superbill for partial payment. Insurance companies can determine if your sessions are covered, type of therapy treatment and length of therapy based on this information. Some insurance companies will not cover EMDR for conditions other than PTSD. Insurance companies will likely not cover extended hour intensive sessions. Paying for therapy out of pocket or without insurance reimbursement can allow you to have more privacy regarding your mental health records and more autonomy over the length of your therapy.
  • What is a Good Faith Estimate and the No Surprises Act?
    Under the law, as a health care provider, I will give patients who don’t have insurance or who are not using insurance an estimate of the bill for medical items and services. This estimate is called a "Good Faith Estimate" and explains how much your Therapy services will cost. Here are a few key things you should know about your Good Faith Estimate: You have the right to receive a Good Faith Estimate for the total expected cost of any non-emergency items or services. This includes related costs like medical tests, prescription drugs, equipment, and hospital fees. You may ensure that I give you a Good Faith Estimate in writing at least 3 business days before your Therapy services or item. You can also ask me for a Good Faith Estimate prior to scheduling. If you receive a bill that is $400 more than your Good Faith Estimate, you can dispute the bill. It's recommended that you save a copy of your Good Faith Estimate for your records. For further information, visit or call 800-985-3059.
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